by Milos Itic on March 3, 2011
Experimental film or experimental cinema describes a range of filmmaking styles that are generally quite different from, and often opposed to, the practices of mainstream commercial and documentary filmmaking, especially different from feature-length Hollywood fiction films.
Most experimental films avoid verbal communication, giving primacy to the visual and to the mimicry, gesture, motion, movement. sign and symbol. Experimental films typically ignore, subvert, or fragment the storytelling rules of Hollywood cinema. There are many sub genres or types of experimental film, but despite their diversity, it is possible to pin down tendencies that help make experimental film a discrete genre.
Though experimental film is known to a relatively small number of practitioners, academics and connoisseurs, it has influenced and continues to influence cinematography, visual effects and editing.The genre of music video can be seen as a commercialization of many techniques of experimental film. Title design and television advertising have also been influenced by experimental film.
Many experimental filmmakers have also made feature films, and vice versa. Notable examples include Kathryn Bigelow, Curtis Harrington, Peter Greenaway, Derek Jarman, Jean Cocteau, Isaac Julien, Sally Potter, David Lynch, Gus Van Sant and Luis Buñuel, although the degree to which their feature filmmaking takes on mainstream commercial aesthetics differs widely.